2.1 - Land and buildings (self used)

The main changes occurred in the period and the fair value of the properties used for own activity by the Parent Company and its subsidiaries to run the activity are shown in the table below.

(€ million) 31.12.2012 31.12.2011
Gross bookvalue as at 31 December previous year 4,025 4,164
Accumulated depreciation and impairment as at 31 December previous year -954 -952
Carrying amount as at 31 December previous year 3,072 3,212
Foreign currency translation effects 2 7
Increases 29 65
Capitalized ex penses 51 65
Changes in consolidation scope -91 -8
Reclassifications 0 -204
Decreases -9 -14
Depreciation of the period -52 -52
Net impairment loss of the period 0 0
Carrying amount as at the end of the period 3,002 3,072
Accumulated depreciation and impairment as at the end of the period 977 954
Gross bookvalue as at the end of the period 3,979 4,025
Fair value 3,477 3,542

The fair value of land and buildings (self used) at the end of the reporting period was mainly based on external appraisals.